There is a basic need among us human beings. Aside from water and food, there is the importance of communication. We evolved as social beings even from our ancestors. And there is the saying that "No man is an island." No man can live alone. So what is our basic form of communication?
Speech is the vocal form of human communication. It is also the most basic method of interaction. Usually, speech is learned at a very young age of around one or two. But there are some cases in which speech is learned at a very late stage or sometimes, speech is completely absent.
Speech pathologists are specialists in the area of communication. They constantly devise programs and methods which aim to help people with speech impairment. Since this disability can be caused by either accident or inherent from birth, their wide range of study includes the production electronically operated speech aid devices.
Aside from the research and the collection of data, some of these specialists are also called Speech therapists. They are the ones that interact with the patients. They guide them through the programs that have been created for the individual.
Some public schools in the United States of America offer speech classes for toddlers. This government sponsored program is targeted for those that are in public school sector.
For those who have been blessed with the resources for professional help, hospitals and speech institutes offer a broader range of programs for speech improvement. They also have equipment like the electro larynges and speaking valves which is tailor made for each client.
Often when a patient is successfully rehabilitated, the feeling of satisfaction is enough for the therapists.